Produção Científica



Artigo em Revista
16/01/2020

NEW ITERATIVE AND MULTIFREQUENCY APPROACHES IN GEOPHYSICAL DIFFRACTION TOMOGRAPHY
Seismic tomography is used in reservoir geophysics as an important method for high-resolution imaging. The classical Born approach, which is used in single-frequency diffraction tomography under the condition of weak scattering, is limited by the requirement to know the background velocity in advance. We propose tomographic inversion approaches within matrix formalism and the Born approximation conditions. These approaches are iterative (in the sense that the background velocity field is updated at each iteration) and do not require knowledge of the true background velocity. In the first approach, a single-frequency that is kept constant is used. In the second approach, several frequencies are also kept constant and are used simultaneously. In the third approach, in addition to the background velocity, the working frequency is also updated. Finally, in the last approach, the multiple frequencies used simultaneously are updated throughout the iteration. The proposed approaches were tested on a synthetic model containing a dipping layer and a paleochannel, with cross-well acquisition geometry, and the data were contaminated with Gaussian noise. When compared to the standard, single-frequency non-iterative approach, the iterative process with the use of multiple frequencies generated results with smaller RMS errors for model parameter, velocity and data.Keywords: seismic inversion, seismic tomography, wave numerical modeling, reservoir characterization.
Artigo em Revista
16/01/2020

Inversion of Bottom Hole Temperatures for Gradient Determination by the Damped Least Squares Method for Noise Attenuation
This study consists in obtain the 1-D distribution of the geothermal gradient from the inversion of Bottom Hole Temperature (BHT) data. Before the
inversion procedure, Horner correction method was used to determine the correct formation temperature. The inversion was performed in a synthetic model based on real data from Pineview Field (Utah, USA), in this case, to obtain geothermal gradients from nine formations using BHT data from 32 wells. The Z matrix of the geothermal problem contains the elements zi j, i.e., the thickness of the i-th layer logged in the j-th well. The least squares method was used, and, because of the occurrence of noise, damping was required. The numerical implementation of the inversion, i.e., the determination of the inverse operator (ZtZ)+ or (ZtZ+őĶ1)+ was performed by singular value decomposition. Initial inversions did not produce satisfactory results, but they significantly improved with the introduction of damping.
The improvement of the results is quantitatively explained by the fact that the condition number of the matrix to be inverted greatly reduced with the use of the damping. In turn, damping requires the choice of an optimal parameter, and the L-curve was used for this purpose.
Artigo em Revista
15/01/2020

Signal decomposition and time‚Äďfrequency representation using iterative singular spectrum analysis
The application of the singular value decomposition method (SVD) for filtering of seismic data has become common in recent decades, as it promotes significant improvements of the signal-to-noise ratio, highlighting reflections in seismograms. One particular way to apply SVD in a single (or multivariate) time-series is the singular spectrum analysis (SSA) method, normally applied on constant-frequency slices in one or many spatial dimensions. We demonstrate that SSA method applied in the time domain corresponds to filtering the time-series with a symmetric zero-phase filters, which are the autocorrelations of the eigenvectors of the data covariance matrix, preserving the phase of the original data. In this paper, we explore the SSA method in the time domain, and we propose a new recursive-iterative SSA (RI-SSA) algorithm, which uses only the first eigenvector of the data covariance matrix to decompose a discrete time-series into signal components. From the analytic signal of each component we compute a time‚Äďfrequency representation. By interpretation of the time signals and their time‚Äďfrequency representations, groups with similar features are summed to produce a smaller number of signal components. The resulting RI-SSA signal decomposition is exact and phase-preserving, but non-unique. Applications to land seismic data for ground-roll removal and to two synthetic signals for time‚Äďfrequency analysis give good results.
Artigo em Revista
15/01/2020

Deep structures seismic enhancement using singular spectral analysis in time and frequency domain: Application in the regional transect of Parnaíba basin - Brazil
The Parna√≠ba basin is located in the Northeast of Brazil and it started in the Archaean. In a project involving Global Geophysical Services Incorporated and BP Energy do Brasil, a 2D seismic data, 1400‚ÄĮkm long and 20‚ÄĮs of two-way travel time was acquired. Because of the acquisition characteristics and large volume of data it was necessary to develop a powerful filtering flow, in order to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio, particularly for deep structures, such as the Moho Discontinuity. For that matter, we have used a two-step recursive-adaptive singular spectral analysis (RA-SSA) to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio. First, we applied the RA-SSA in the t-x domain, along the time variable, for every seismic trace, to attenuate uncorrelated noise, and to enhance the low frequency content of the data. Second, the data was moved to the f-x domain, by means of the Fourier Transform of every single trace, and the RI-SSA method was applied for every frequency, along the x variable, to enhance the correlation of the reflectors between neighboring seismic traces. The filtered results, shown on common offset and CMP gather and on stacked data, show how successful the method was in enhancing the reflectors. We introduce a processing flow capable of enhancing the final stacked image quality, in order to map the Moho Discontinuity and interpret the transect to obtain a better understanding of the Parna√≠ba basin formation.
Material Didático
19/11/2019

Simulação por Linhas de Corrente da Injeção de Bancos de Polímero. Uma Abordagem Semianalítica
Material Didático
19/11/2019

Perfilagem geofísica em poço aberto - fundamentos básicos com ênfase em petróleo
Material Didático
19/11/2019

Conceitos da Análise Espectral de Sinais em Geofísica
Material Didático
19/11/2019

Inverse Problems of Mathematical Physics
Material Didático
19/11/2019

Estratigrafia de Sequ√™ncias - Hist√≥rico, princ√≠pios e aplica√ß√Ķes.
Apresentação
18/11/2019

An√°lise de escoamentos bif√°sicos em meios porosos para duas diferentes configura√ß√Ķes atrav√©s de simula√ß√£o num√©rica 2D utilizando OpenFOAM
Em um cen√°rio de baixos pre√ßos do petr√≥leo no mercado internacional e a necessidade de elevados investimentos para a ind√ļstria do petr√≥leo no desenvolvimento de novos campos descobertos, o investimento na otimiza√ß√£o da explora√ß√£o de campos maduros √© uma alternativa para aumentar a produtividade e os lucros. Inova√ß√Ķes na gest√£o e uso de novas tecnologias influenciam cada vez mais as decis√Ķes operacionais. Os constantes avan√ßos na computa√ß√£o de alto desempenho t√™m permitido o uso de softwares CFD (computational fluid dynamics) na obten√ß√£o de solu√ß√Ķes num√©ricas, em um tempo aceit√°vel, para as equa√ß√Ķes que modelam a din√Ęmica em reservat√≥rio. Neste trabalho, o software usado para a solu√ß√£o num√©rica das equa√ß√Ķes diferenciais foi o OpenFOAM [2], que √© uma plataforma de c√≥digo aberto que pode ser customizada. O solver usado em nossas simula√ß√Ķes implementa a solu√ß√£o num√©rica das equa√ß√Ķes modeladoras que tem como base a lei de Darcy e a equa√ß√£o de conserva√ß√£o de massa [1], em que as principais vari√°veis s√£o as press√Ķes e as satura√ß√Ķes dos fluidos. Neste trabalho, a produtividade de um campo de petr√≥leo madura foi avaliada atrav√©s da compara√ß√£o dos volumes acumulados de √≥leo no po√ßo produtor, para duas diferentes configura√ß√Ķes de po√ßos sob as mesmas condi√ß√Ķes iniciais e de fronteira em simula√ß√Ķes 2-D. A configura√ß√£o mais produtiva (com
o maior volume acumulado de óleo) foi ainda estudada através da aplicação de diferentes gradientes de pressão entre o poço de injeção de água e o poço de produção, em busca de uma relação entre a pressão aplicada e a quantidade de
óleo removido. Cinco diferentes gradientes de pressão foram testados e classificados pelo volume de óleo acumulado.
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