Produção Científica
Artigo em Revista
A combined method using singular spectrum analysis and instantaneous frequency for the groundroll filtering The noise attenuation is a fundamental step in seismic data processing, especially when groundroll suppression remains a challenge. Rankreduction methods have become quite popular in recent decades, as they promote significant improvements in the quality of data, highlighting reflections in seismograms. We present a methodology for groundroll filtering, which combines the application of a recursiveiterative singular spectrum analysis method, in the time domain, as a particular way to decompose seismic data, with the computation of the average instantaneous frequency of the signal components. This combination allows for a precise estimation and filtering of the groundroll noise. The frequency values are used for determining, in each component, the lowfrequency parts associated with the ground roll. For every single component, the ground roll is attenuated by zeroing, and stacking the data components, where the average instantaneous frequency values match the groundroll bandwidth of frequency. Also, in order to enhance the lateral coherence of the reflectors,we present an extension of the recursiveiterative algorithm for a multichannel case. The multichannel algorithm is applicable on a shot, or common midpoint family of seismic traces, after the normal moveout correction. The numerical results using real data show the effectiveness of the proposed methodology for groundroll attenuation and for improving the velocity analysis. 

Artigo em Revista
Potencial de exploraÃ§Ã£o de nÃ£oconvencionais  Bahia. A Bahia, com seu pioneirismo e histÃ³ria de sucesso na produÃ§Ã£o comercial de petrÃ³leo na Bacia do RecÃ´ncavo, possui significativo potencial exploratÃ³rio. Embora as atividades de exploraÃ§Ã£o e produÃ§Ã£o estejam em declÃnio, devido ao baixo fator de recuperaÃ§Ã£o de poÃ§os em campos produtores e ao desinvestimento da Petrobras na exploraÃ§Ã£o em Ã¡reas terrestre, desperta interesse o potencial de gÃ¡s associado aos folhelhos da FormaÃ§Ã£o Candeias, que sÃ£o rochas geradora+reservatÃ³rio de gÃ¡s, pois possuem valores elevados de carbono orgÃ¢nico total e maturaÃ§Ã£o tÃ©rmica adequada. A localizaÃ§Ã£o privilegiada da Bacia do RecÃ´ncavo, em relaÃ§Ã£o aos centros consumidores, aumenta a importÃ¢ncia dos reservatÃ³rios de baixa permeabilidade no cenÃ¡rio de E&P do estado. Neste capÃtulo, serÃ¡ apresentado o contexto geolÃ³gico das Ã¡reas terrestres potenciais para exploraÃ§Ã£o em reservatÃ³rios nÃ£o convencionais, com maior Ãªnfase na Bacia do RecÃ´ncavo. SerÃ¡ dado destaque, ainda, Ã importÃ¢ncia e ao potencial dos dados geofÃsicos disponÃveis no BDEP/ ANP20, Ã s contribuiÃ§Ãµes da UFBA na formaÃ§Ã£o de recursos humanos para a E&P e Ã importÃ¢ncia do reprocessamento de dados sÃsmicos e da interpretaÃ§Ã£o sismoestratigrÃ¡fica na investigaÃ§Ã£o do potencial de shale gas do Estado da Bahia. 

Artigo em Revista
Prestack seismic data reconstruction and denoising by orientationdependent tensor decomposition Multidimensional seismic data reconstruction and denoising can be achieved by assuming noiseless and complete data as lowrank matrices or tensors in the frequencyspace domain. We have adopted a simple and effective approach to interpolate prestack seismic data that explores the lowrank property of multidimensional signals. The orientationdependent tensor decomposition represents an alternative to multilinear algebraic schemes. Our method does not need to perform any explicit matricization, only requiring calculation of the socalled covariance matrix for one of the spatial dimensions. The elements of such a matrix are the inner products between the lower dimensional tensors in a convenient direction. The eigenvalue decomposition of the covariance matrix provides the eigenvectors for the reducedrank approximation of the data tensor. This approximation is used for recovery and denoising, iteratively replacing the missing values. Synthetic and field data examples illustrate the methodâ€™s effectiveness for denoising and interpolating 4D and 5D seismic data with randomly missing traces. 

Artigo em Revista
Time evolution of the firstorder linear acoustic/elastic wave equation using Lie product formula and Taylor expansion We propose a new numerical solution to the firstorder linear acoustic/elastic wave equation. This numerical solution is based on the analytic solution of the linear acoustic/elastic wave equation and uses the Lie product formula, where the time evolution operator of the analytic solution is written as a product of exponential matrices where each exponential matrix term is then approximated by Taylor series expansion. Initially, we check the proposed approach numerically and then demonstrate that it is more accurate to apply a Taylor expansion for the exponential function identity rather than the exponential function itself. The numerical solution formulated employs a recursive procedure and also incorporates the split perfectly matched layer boundary condition. Thus, our scheme can be used to extrapolate wavefields in a stable manner with even larger timesteps than traditional finitedifference schemes. This new numerical solution is examined through the comparison of the solution of full acoustic wave equation using the Chebyshev expansion approach for the matrix exponential term. Moreover, to demonstrate the efficiency and applicability of our proposed solution, seismic modelling results of three geological models are presented and the processing time for each model is compared with the computing time taking by the Chebyshev expansion method. We also present the result of seismic modelling using the scheme based in Lie product formula and Taylor series expansion for the firstorder linear elastic wave equation in vertical transversely isotropic and tilted transversely isotropic media as well. Finally, a poststack migration results are also shown using the proposed method. 

Artigo em Revista
Potencial gerador e maturidade tÃ©rmica dos folhelhos da FormaÃ§Ã£o Barreirinha, borda sul da Bacia do Amazonas, Brasil Este trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar o potencial gerador e o efeito da intrusiva Ãgnea bÃ¡sica na maturidade tÃ©rmica das amostras com base no estudo de geoquÃmica orgÃ¢nica e palinologia. Foram estudadas 15 amostras de rocha coletadas em um afloramento da FormaÃ§Ã£o Barreirinha, borda sul da Bacia do Amazonas. Nesse afloramento foi observada uma soleira de basalto que pode ter influenciado os dados geoquÃmicos das amostras localizadas no topo do perfil. Os teores de Carbono orgÃ¢nico total (COT; 0,04â€“2,06%) e os resultados da pirÃ³lise RockEval indicam a presenÃ§a de querogÃªnio predominantemente dos tipos II e III, potencial gerador de hidrocarbonetos (S2; 0,04â€“3,00 mg HC/g rocha) variando de pobre a mÃ©dio, baixa concentraÃ§Ã£o de hidrocarbonetos livres (S1; 0,01â€“0,25 mg HC/g rocha) e uma variaÃ§Ã£o na maturidade termal (TmÃ¡x: 359â€“605Â°C). A razÃ£o aquÃ¡ticoterrestre (RAT; 0,08â€“1,16) indica a predominÃ¢ncia de deposiÃ§Ã£o de matÃ©ria orgÃ¢nica algÃ¡lica, e as razÃµes dos biomarcadores saturados [Hopanos/esteranos; gamacerano/(gamacerano + C30 hopano); TTP/(TTP + DIA); e esteranos C27C28C29] indicam um paleoambiente marinho com contribuiÃ§Ã£o variÃ¡vel de componentes terrestres, devido as oscilaÃ§Ãµes do nÃvel do mar ocorridas durante o Devoniano Superior. A razÃ£o entre os isoprenÃ³ides Pristano e Fitano (P/F: 1,6â€“7,1) apontam ambiente subÃ³xico. Os resultados da cromatografia gasosa e das razÃµes de biomarcadores saturados dos extratos orgÃ¢nicos [Ts/(Ts + Tm); C29 Î±Î²Î²/(Î±Î²Î² + Î±Î±Î±); C29 S/(C29 S + C29R)] indicam a variaÃ§Ã£o na maturidade tÃ©rmica ao longo do afloramento, e sugerem a geraÃ§Ã£o e migraÃ§Ã£o de Ã³leo e gÃ¡s, e/ou a degradaÃ§Ã£o termal de alguns biomarcadores saturados. 

Artigo em Revista
Some problems related to nonlinear 3Dmagnetoelasticity We consider some direct and inverse problems associated with the vibration of an elastic conductive body governed by the LamÃ© and Maxwell equations coupled through the nonlinear magnetoelastic effect. First, we prove the existence and uniqueness result for a mixed initialboundary value problem. Uniqueness is proved under additional assumptions on the smoothness of the solution. Second, we prove the solvability of an inverse problem, which consists of identifying the unknown scalar function Î±(t) in the elastic force Î±(t)Î²(x, t) acting on the body when some additional measurement is available. 

Artigo em Revista
AN ANALYTICAL SOLUTION OF THE SATURATED AND INCOMPRESSIBLE POROELASTIC MODEL FOR TRANSIENT WAVE PROPAGATION A transient wave propagation model is provided as a consequence of a new theory of porous media and wave propagation in saturated poroelastic media. This theory, in the linear case, becomes to be equivalent to the theory proposed by de Boer, R., Ehlers, W. & Liu, Z. in 1993. It leads to a model for the 1D porous saturated column problem, which after the appropriate establishment of boundary and initial conditions, can be solved analytically with the aid of the Laplace transform concerning time. Numerical experiments are performed to illustrate the behavior of constituents displacement fields. The theory results in having an inertial effect on the motion of solid constituents as commonly expected. However, in contrast to Biotâ€™s theory, is not introduced by the present theory the relative acceleration as an interactive force between solid and fluid constituents to account for the apparent inertial effect. 

Artigo em Revista
Computation of Acoustic Velocity of Natural Gases With an Alternative Heat Capacity Ratio Equation and Application to Seismic Modeling We investigate three formulations for computing acoustic velocity of natural gas and derive an equation for the heat capacity ratio, which plays a central role in these formulations. The first formulation is a compilation of fundamental equations available in the engineering literature, referred to as the DASH formulation. The second formulation is a development from the first, in which we use the derived equation for the heat capacity ratio (modified DASH). The third formulation is a mainstream method implemented in Geoscience (BW formulation). All three formulations stem from virial Equations of State that take preponderance in the exploration stage, when the detailed fluid composition is unknown and compositional methods are frequently inapplicable. We test the formulations on an extensive experimental data set of acoustic velocity of natural gases and compare the resulting accuracies. Both DASH and modified DASH formulations provide significantly higher accuracy when compared to the BW formulation. Additionally, the modified DASH, as we derive in this work, has the highest accuracy at pressures above 7000 psi, a condition typically encountered in the Brazilian presalt reservoirs. In a final step, we investigate how these different formulations and corresponding accuracies in velocity computation may affect seismic modeling, using a single interface model between a dense gas reservoir and a sealing rock. A direct comparison of amplitude versus offset modeling using our modified DASH formulation and the BW formulation shows up to 50% difference in amplitude calculation in a sensitivity exercise, especially at the longer offsets and higher pressures. 

Artigo em Revista
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF SEISMIC WAVES IN POROUS MEDIA This work presents a mathematical algorithm for modeling the propagation of poroelastic waves. We have shown how the classical Biot equations can be put into Ursinâ€™s form in a planelayered 3D porous medium. Using this form, we have derived explicit formulas that can be used as the basis of an efficient computational algorithm. To validate the algorithm, numerical simulations were performed using both the poroelastic and equivalent elastic models. The results obtained confirmed the proposed algorithmâ€™s reliability, identifying the main wave events in both lowfrequency and highfrequency regimes in the reservoir and laboratory scales, respectively. We have also illustrated the influence of some physical parameters on the attenuation and dispersion of the slow wave. 

Artigo em Revista
An application of the Marchenko internal multiple elimination scheme formulated as a leastsquares problem Images produced by migration of seismic data related to complex geology are often contaminated by artifacts due to the presence of internal multiple reflections. These reflections are created when the seismic wave is reflected more than once in a sourcereceiver path and can be interpreted as the main coherent noise in seismic data. Several schemes have been developed to predict and subtract internal multiple reflections from measured data, such as the Marchenko multiple elimination (MME) scheme that eliminates the referred events without requiring a subsurface model or an adaptive subtraction approach. The MME scheme is datadriven, can remove or attenuate most of these internal multiples, and was originally based on the Neumann series solution of Marchenkoâ€™s projected equations. However, the Neumann series approximate solution is conditioned to a convergence criterion. We reformulate the MME as a leastsquares problem (LSMME) in such a way that it can provide an alternative that avoids a convergence condition as required in the Neumann series approach. To demonstrate the LSMME scheme performance, we apply it to 2D numerical examples and compare the results with those obtained by the conventional MME scheme. In addition, we evaluate the successful application of our method through the generation of indepth seismic images, by applying reverse time migration (RTM) to the original data set and to those obtained through MME and LSMME schemes. From the RTM results, we found that the application of both schemes on seismic data allows the construction of seismic images free of artifacts related to internal multiple events. 

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